The 1940 Census

A Homestead Headlines Article by Chuck Oldenburg
HV topo

Homestead Valley

December 2013

The National Archives released the 1940 census to the public on April 2, 2012 after a mandatory 72-year waiting period. Results of the 1920, 1930 and 1940 census data allow a comparison of economic conditions for two significant decades in Homestead’s history, the roaring twenties and the great depression of the thirties.

  1920 1930 1940
Population 285 441 611
Roaring twenties 55% increase
Great Depression 39% increase
Number of Households 75 131 220
Roaring twenties 75% increase
Great Depression 68% increase
Home Ownership, % 81 67 69
Roaring twenties large decrease
Great Depression small increase
Heads of Household 
Average age, years 47 47 49
Number that are 65+ 7 21 28
Number foreign born 33 (12%) 44 (10%) 69 (11%)
Northern Europeans 16 24 54
50% increase 125% increase
People per Household 3.8 3.4 2.8
decreasing family size

The Effect of the Great Depression on Homestead Valley
The 1940 census reflects economic tumult of the Great Depression and President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal recovery program of the 1930s.

1930: only 2 heads of household were out of work.
1940: 38 heads of household younger than 65 were out of work.
12 individuals were on the WPA  government work program.

Population Growth
Between 1930 and 1940, the population of the Continental United States increased 7.2% to 131,669,275. The population of Homestead Valley increased 39%  to 611.

In 2013, the population of Homestead Valley is about 2300.


If you have comments or questions about this article or other topics pertaining to the history of Homestead Valley,
please feel free to e-mail Chuck Oldenburg.